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Jesus’ teachings and the New Testament’s references to baptism highlight its significance within Christian faith. While Jesus Himself does not directly provide extensive teachings on baptism in the Gospels, His actions and instructions, along with the teachings of the Apostles, particularly in Acts and the Epistles, provide a foundation for understanding baptism’s role and importance.

Biblical References on Baptism

  1. Matthew 28:19-20 (The Great Commission):
  • “Go therefore and make disciples of all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit, teaching them to observe all that I have commanded you. And behold, I am with you always, to the end of the age.”
  • This passage is Jesus’ direct command to baptize as a fundamental part of making disciples, emphasizing the Trinitarian formula in baptism.
  1. Mark 16:16:
  • “Whoever believes and is baptized will be saved, but whoever does not believe will be condemned.”
  • Here, belief and baptism are connected to salvation, underscoring the importance of faith in conjunction with the act of baptism.
  1. John 3:5 (Jesus and Nicodemus):
  • Jesus answered, “Truly, truly, I say to you, unless one is born of water and the Spirit, he cannot enter the kingdom of God.”
  • This verse is often interpreted as referring to baptism, highlighting its necessity for entering God’s Kingdom, symbolizing a spiritual rebirth.
  1. Acts 2:38 (Peter’s Sermon at Pentecost):
  • “And Peter said to them, ‘Repent and be baptized every one of you in the name of Jesus Christ for the forgiveness of your sins, and you will receive the gift of the Holy Spirit.'”
  • This early church practice, as instructed by Peter, connects baptism with repentance, forgiveness of sins, and receiving the Holy Spirit.
  1. Romans 6:3-4 (Paul’s Letter to the Romans):
  • “Do you not know that all of us who have been baptized into Christ Jesus were baptized into his death? We were buried therefore with him by baptism into death, in order that, just as Christ was raised from the dead by the glory of the Father, we too might walk in newness of life.”
  • Paul teaches that baptism symbolizes the believer’s union with Christ in His death and resurrection, signifying the death of the old self and the birth of a new life in Christ.

Three Takeaways on Baptism

  1. Baptism is an Act of Obedience and Identification with Christ:
  • It is a public declaration of faith in Jesus Christ, signifying the believer’s identification with Christ’s death, burial, and resurrection.
  1. Baptism is Linked to the Forgiveness of Sins and the Reception of the Holy Spirit:
  • It is associated with repentance and the cleansing of sins, as well as the gift of the Holy Spirit, marking the beginning of the believer’s spiritual journey in Christ.
  1. Baptism Symbolizes New Birth and Entry into the Christian Community:
  • Symbolizing rebirth, baptism represents the believer’s entry into the body of Christ, the church. It’s not merely a personal declaration but also incorporates the individual into the wider Christian community.

Baptism, as presented in the New Testament, is a multifaceted sacrament integral to Christian faith and practice, symbolizing a believer’s faith in Jesus Christ, repentance of sins, and incorporation into the body of Christ.


  • Greg Gaines

    Father / Grandfather / Minister / Missionary / Deacon / Elder / Author / Digital Missionary / Foster Parents / Welcome to our Family

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