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What did Jesus say about King David

What did Jesus say about King David

Jesus referred to King David multiple times throughout the Gospels, recognizing him as an important ancestral figure and emphasizing his spiritual significance. Here are some Bible verses where Jesus mentions or refers to King David:

  1. Matthew 22:41-45: Jesus questions the Pharisees about the identity of the Messiah, citing Psalm 110:1, “The Lord said to my Lord, ‘Sit at my right hand, until I put your enemies under your feet.'” Jesus asks, “If then David calls him Lord, how is he his son?” This demonstrates Jesus’ point about the Messiah’s divine lordship and lineage, which surpasses that of David.
  2. Mark 12:35-37: Similar to the account in Matthew, Jesus discusses the Messiah’s relationship to David, challenging the conventional understanding and highlighting the Messiah’s superiority over David, thus emphasizing his divine nature.
  3. Luke 20:41-44: This is Luke’s account of the same discussion about David and the Messiah. Jesus points to the scriptures to show the Pharisees that the Messiah, although a descendant of David, is greater than David.
  4. Matthew 12:3: Jesus refers to an incident involving David to justify his disciples’ actions on the Sabbath, citing how David entered the house of God and ate the bread of the Presence, which was not lawful for him or his companions but only for the priests. This example illustrates the principle that human need and mercy are above ritual law.
  5. Matthew 15:22 and Matthew 22:42: In both verses, Jesus is referred to as the “Son of David” by people seeking healing and by Jesus himself in a question to the Pharisees. This title affirms Jesus’ rightful place in the Davidic lineage and his role as the promised Messiah.

Three main takeaways from Jesus’ references to King David include:

  1. The Fulfillment of Prophecy: Jesus’ references to David underscore his role as the fulfillment of Old Testament prophecies concerning the Messiah. As a descendant of David, Jesus fulfills the promises made to David about his lineage establishing an eternal kingdom.
  2. The Superiority of the Messiah: By questioning how David could call his descendant Lord, Jesus highlights the divine authority and preeminence of the Messiah over David, pointing to his own divine nature and mission.
  3. The Reinterpretation of the Law: Jesus’ use of David’s actions to address legalistic interpretations of the law emphasizes the spirit of the law over its letter. Jesus teaches that love, mercy, and the needs of people surpass ritualistic observance, a principle illustrated through David’s life and now fulfilled in Jesus’ ministry.


  • Greg Gaines

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