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What is the Book of Enoch and why is it not included in the Bible?

What is the Book of Enoch

The Book of Enoch is an ancient Jewish text that isn’t part of the traditional Christian Bible, but it is recognized in some Christian traditions like the Ethiopian Orthodox Church. It’s believed to have been written around 300 BC, and it explores complex themes of heaven and earth, angels, and judgment. This book is named after Enoch, the great-grandfather of Noah, who is said to have walked with God and was taken by God instead of experiencing death.

History and Bible Verses

Enoch is a notable figure in Genesis 5:22-24, which mentions, “Enoch walked with God; then he was no more, because God took him away.” This passage highlights his righteous character and close relationship with God. However, the Book of Enoch itself isn’t typically included in the canonical scriptures of most Christian denominations except the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church. Its themes and stories about angels and the apocalypse have influenced Christian thought and eschatology, although it remains outside the standard biblical canon.


One of the famous sections of the Book of Enoch is the story of the Watchers, angels sent to Earth to watch over humans but who end up rebelling. This narrative has influenced various Christian interpretations of angelology and demonology.

Three Main Takeaways

  1. Historical Influence: The Book of Enoch has historically influenced Christian views on angels, the apocalypse, and prophecy, despite not being part of the Bible for most denominations.
  2. Theological Themes: It explores themes like divine judgment, the nature of the universe, and the roles of angels, providing a rich source of speculation and interpretation in theological studies.
  3. Canonical Status: The book’s exclusion from most Christian Bibles, yet inclusion in the Ethiopian Orthodox canon, highlights the diverse nature of Christian scriptural traditions and the complexities of biblical canon formation.

These elements make the Book of Enoch a fascinating study for those interested in the broader aspects of biblical and religious studies.


  • Greg Gaines

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