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What is the Sermon on the Mount?

What is the Sermon on the Mount

The Sermon on the Mount is a collection of teachings and sayings of Jesus Christ, which emphasizes moral and ethical instructions vital to the followers of Jesus. It is considered one of the most significant and comprehensive pieces of the Christian ethical teachings, found in the Gospel of Matthew (chapters 5-7). Here are some highlighted verses and key takeaways:

Relevant Bible Verses

  1. Matthew 5:3-12 – The Beatitudes present the nature of those who are blessed in the kingdom of heaven, highlighting virtues such as meekness, righteousness, mercy, purity of heart, and peacemaking.
  2. Matthew 5:13-16 – Jesus uses the metaphors of salt and light to describe the essential role of Christians in the world, emphasizing the importance of living out one’s faith in a way that influences and benefits others.
  3. Matthew 6:9-13 – The Lord’s Prayer provides a model for prayer that acknowledges God’s holiness and sovereignty, and it seeks His will, provision, forgiveness, and protection.
  4. Matthew 7:12 – The Golden Rule, “So whatever you wish that others would do to you, do also to them, for this is the Law and the Prophets,” encapsulates the essence of Christian ethical conduct towards others.

Three Main Takeaways

  1. The Call to Radical Inner Transformation – The Sermon on the Mount calls for a heart transformation that surpasses legalistic righteousness. It emphasizes the need for purity of heart, love, and humility, over mere external adherence to laws.
  2. The Importance of Sincere Motivations – Jesus challenges His followers to examine their motivations in acts of charity, prayer, and fasting. The focus is on a genuine relationship with God rather than seeking the approval of others.
  3. The Principle of Love as the Foundation of Ethics – Love is presented as the fulfilling principle of the law. Love for God and love for one’s neighbor are central to the ethical teachings of Jesus in the Sermon on the Mount, transcending and fulfilling the Old Testament law.

The Sermon on the Mount provides a profound and comprehensive guide for living a life that reflects the kingdom of heaven. It challenges believers to live out their faith authentically and to influence the world positively through their actions and character.


  • Greg Gaines

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