Who was Isaiah in the Bible – Isaiah, also known as Hebrew Yeshaʿyahu (“God Is Salvation”), was an 8th-century BC Israelite prophet. He is a significant figure in Jewish and Christian traditions. His prophecies are found in the biblical Book of Isaiah, although some scholars believe that the book was written by multiple authors over a period of time. Isaiah’s ministry spanned the reigns of four kings of Judah – Uzziah, Jotham, Ahaz, and Hezekiah. Some of his notable works include prophecies of a coming king, warnings of invasion by the Assyrians, and teachings on social justice.
Table of Contents
- Isaiah was an 8th-century BC Israelite prophet.
- He is a significant figure in Jewish and Christian traditions.
- His prophecies are found in the biblical Book of Isaiah.
- Isaiah’s ministry spanned the reigns of four kings of Judah.
- He prophesied about a coming king, warned of invasion, and spoke about social justice.
Who was Isaiah in the Bible
- Prophetic Role: Isaiah was a major prophet in the Old Testament, actively sharing God’s messages with the people of Judah and Israel.
- Time Period: He ministered for about 60 years, spanning the reigns of four different kings, which included a time of prosperity as well as periods of great turmoil.
- Personal Background: Isaiah was known for his deep spirituality and his close relationship with God. He was married and had at least two sons.
- Visionary Experiences: Isaiah had powerful visions of God, including a notable one in the Temple where he received his call to prophetic ministry.
- Messenger of Both Judgement and Hope: He delivered stern warnings about the consequences of turning away from God, but he also shared messages of hope and restoration for those who would return to Him.
- Advocate for Social Justice: Isaiah emphasized the importance of justice, righteousness, and caring for the oppressed, calling the society of his time to higher standards of integrity and compassion.
- Foreteller of the Messiah: One of Isaiah’s most significant contributions was his detailed prophecies about the coming Messiah, which are seen by Christians as pointing directly to Jesus Christ.
- Legacy and Influence: His writings, collected in the Book of Isaiah, have had a profound impact on both Judaism and Christianity, and they continue to be studied and revered to this day.
- Artistic and Poetic Style: Isaiah’s use of poetic language, imagery, and metaphors make his writings not just religious texts but also works of art.
- Encourager of Faith and Trust in God: Throughout his ministry, Isaiah consistently pointed people back to trust in God, emphasizing God’s sovereignty, justice, and unwavering love for His people.
Isaiah’s story and messages are a rich tapestry that weaves together themes of divine judgement, redemption, and the unwavering faithfulness of God, making his contributions to the biblical text invaluable and timeless.
Isaiah’s Early Life and Call to Ministry
Isaiah, the renowned prophet in the Bible, had a remarkable journey in his early life that led him to his divine calling. According to the Book of Isaiah, around 740 BCE, he experienced a profound spiritual encounter in the Jerusalem Temple. In this awe-inspiring vision, Isaiah witnessed the presence of God and felt overwhelmed by His glory and holiness.
Despite his initial feelings of inadequacy, Isaiah offered himself to serve God and was chosen to be a messenger to the people of Israel. His ministry spanned several decades, during which he confronted opposition and faithfully delivered God’s messages of warning and assurance. Isaiah’s dedication and commitment to his calling serve as an inspiration to all who seek to follow their divine purpose.
Throughout his prophetic service, Isaiah played a crucial role in delivering important prophecies and teachings that continue to resonate with readers today. From his early experiences in the Jerusalem Temple to his unwavering commitment to God’s mission, Isaiah’s life and ministry offer valuable insights into the power of faith and obedience.
“Here I am! Send me.” – Isaiah 6:8
Isaiah’s early life and call to ministry laid the foundation for his influential role as a prophet. His experiences and teachings form an integral part of the biblical narrative, leaving a lasting impact on religious and moral thought.
The Temple Vision
The most famous event in Isaiah’s life is his vision in the Jerusalem Temple. In this vision, Isaiah “saw” God and was deeply affected by the divine glory and holiness. He recognized God’s need for a messenger to the people of Israel and offered himself for God’s service. This vision marked the beginning of Isaiah’s prophetic ministry and shaped his understanding of his role as a prophet. It also instilled in him a sense of urgency and determination to fulfill his calling.
The Temple Vision serves as a significant turning point in Isaiah’s life and ministry. It was a transformative encounter that strengthened his faith and deepened his commitment to proclaiming God’s messages. The vision not only reaffirmed Isaiah’s belief in the existence and power of God but also revealed the divine mission and purpose he was called to fulfill.
Through this profound experience, Isaiah gained a heightened awareness of God’s holiness and the need for repentance and righteousness among the people of Israel. The vision propelled him to become a courageous and unwavering messenger, delivering both messages of judgment and hope to the nation. It solidified Isaiah’s role as a prophet and inspired him to boldly speak truth to power.
“In the year that King Uzziah died, I saw the Lord, high and exalted, seated on a throne; and the train of his robe filled the temple.”
The Temple Vision was a pivotal moment in Isaiah’s life and ministry. It gave him a deep understanding of God’s holiness and a clear sense of his calling as a prophet. This vision propelled Isaiah to boldly deliver God’s messages and to tirelessly advocate for righteousness and justice in the nation of Israel.
Warnings and Assurances to Israel and Judah
In the Book of Isaiah, the prophet delivers powerful messages of warning and assurance to the nations of Israel and Judah. He condemns their disobedience and idolatry, foretelling the destruction and exile that will befall them at the hands of the Assyrians and later the Babylonians. However, he also offers messages of hope and restoration, assuring the people that God will not abandon them and will ultimately bring them back to their land. These warnings and assurances serve as a call to repentance and a reminder of God’s faithfulness throughout history.
Certainly! Here’s a table showcasing some of the key prophecies made by Isaiah, along with their corresponding verses and a brief description of each:
|The Virgin Birth||Isaiah 7:14||Isaiah predicts that a virgin will conceive and give birth to a son, calling him Immanuel (God with us). This prophecy is interpreted by Christians as pointing to the birth of Jesus Christ.|
|The Suffering Servant||Isaiah 53||This prophecy describes a servant who will suffer and bear the sins of others, and by doing so, bring salvation. Christians see this as a clear prediction of Jesus’ crucifixion and atonement for sin.|
|A Prince of Peace||Isaiah 9:6-7||Isaiah foretells the birth of a child who will be called Wonderful Counselor, Mighty God, Everlasting Father, Prince of Peace, indicating a divine ruler bringing eternal peace.|
|A New Heaven and a New Earth||Isaiah 65:17-25||Isaiah speaks of a future time when God will create a new heaven and a new earth, marked by peace, joy, and harmony.|
|The Restoration of Israel||Isaiah 11:11-12||Isaiah predicts the regathering and restoration of Israel, which has been interpreted as both a historical return from exile and a future event in God’s redemptive plan.|
|God’s Judgment and Salvation||Isaiah 34-35||These chapters contrast God’s fierce judgment on the nations with the salvation and joy that will come to God’s redeemed people.|
|The Righteous Branch||Isaiah 11:1-5||Isaiah prophesies about a descendant of Jesse (King David’s father) who will rule in righteousness, seen by Christians as a prophecy about Jesus Christ.|
|God’s Holiness and Glory||Isaiah 6||Isaiah has a vision of God’s throne, highlighting God’s holiness, glory, and the need for human atonement and sanctification.|
|The Call for Repentance||Isaiah 1||Isaiah opens his book with a call for the people to repent and return to a genuine relationship with God, warning them of the consequences of their rebellion.|
|A Light to the Gentiles||Isaiah 49:6||Isaiah speaks of God’s servant as a light to the Gentiles, indicating the broad scope of God’s salvation plan, reaching beyond Israel to the entire world.|
Isaiah’s prophecies are rich and varied, addressing both immediate situations in his own time and pointing forward to future events, including the coming of the Messiah. His words continue to inspire and challenge readers to this day.
Isaiah’s prophecies regarding the Assyrian invasion are particularly significant. He accurately predicts the conquest of Israel by Assyria and the siege of Jerusalem. Despite the impending doom, Isaiah assures King Hezekiah and the people of Judah that God will protect Jerusalem and ultimately deliver them from the Assyrians. This message of trust in God’s power and faithfulness is a source of hope and encouragement for the people facing imminent danger.
“Do not be afraid of the words you have heard, with which the servants of the king of Assyria have blasphemed Me. Surely I will send a spirit upon him, and he shall hear a rumor and return to his own land; and I will cause him to fall by the sword in his own land.” – Isaiah 37:6-7
Isaiah’s teachings provide not only a historical perspective but also a timeless lesson about the consequences of disobedience and the importance of trust in God. His warnings serve as a reminder that actions have consequences and that turning away from God leads to destruction. At the same time, his assurances of restoration and divine protection offer comfort and hope in times of adversity.
Table: Isaiah’s Warnings and Assurances
|Condemnation of idolatry and disobedience||Promise of restoration and redemption|
|Foretelling of destruction and exile||Assurance of God’s faithfulness and deliverance|
|Warning of Assyrian invasion||Prediction of Assyrian defeat and Jerusalem’s protection|
Through his prophecies, Isaiah challenges the people to repent, turn back to God, and trust in His promises. His timeless teachings continue to resonate with readers today, offering guidance and hope in the midst of life’s challenges.
Isaiah’s Teaching on Social Justice
Isaiah’s teachings on social justice are some of the most powerful and relevant aspects of his prophetic message. He stood against the injustices and oppression committed by the wealthy and powerful in society. His words continue to resonate today, inspiring individuals and communities to advocate for equality and strive for a more just world.
Isaiah emphasized the importance of righteousness, fairness, and compassion in the pursuit of a just society. He called upon the people to care for the poor, the marginalized, and the vulnerable. His teachings challenged the prevailing social norms and highlighted the need for transformation and reform.
In Isaiah 58:6-7, he says, “Is not this the kind of fasting I have chosen: to loose the chains of injustice and untie the cords of the yoke, to set the oppressed free and break every yoke? Is it not to share your food with the hungry and to provide the poor wanderer with shelter—when you see the naked, to clothe them, and not to turn away from your own flesh and blood?” These words serve as a call to action, urging people to actively engage in acts of compassion and justice.
“Learn to do right; seek justice. Defend the oppressed. Take up the cause of the fatherless; plead the case of the widow.” – Isaiah 1:17
The Call for Social Justice
Isaiah’s teachings on social justice were a response to the prevailing social and economic inequalities of his time. He saw the suffering and exploitation of the vulnerable members of society and called for a radical transformation. His message challenged the powerful and the privileged to use their resources and influence to uplift those in need.
Isaiah believed that true worship and devotion to God were intimately linked to acts of justice and compassion. In Isaiah 58:6-7, he criticizes fasting that is devoid of social action, saying, “Is not this the kind of fasting I have chosen: to loose the chains of injustice and untie the cords of the yoke, to set the oppressed free and break every yoke? Is it not to share your food with the hungry and to provide the poor wanderer with shelter—when you see the naked, to clothe them, and not to turn away from your own flesh and blood?”
Isaiah’s teachings continue to inspire individuals and communities to prioritize the well-being of others and to work towards a more just and equitable society. His words serve as a reminder of the enduring relevance of social justice in our own lives and the importance of actively engaging in acts of compassion and advocacy.
Isaiah’s Legacy of Social Justice
Through his teachings on social justice, Isaiah left a lasting legacy that continues to guide and inspire people today. His message of compassion, fairness, and the pursuit of justice resonates across religious and cultural boundaries.
Isaiah’s teachings on social justice highlight the inherent worth and dignity of every individual, as well as the responsibility to care for and uplift the most vulnerable members of society. In his condemnation of oppression and inequality, he reminds us of the importance of empathy, solidarity, and collective action.
Isaiah’s vision of a just society continues to shape the thought and actions of individuals and communities who seek to address the root causes of injustice and work towards a more equitable world. His teachings serve as a call to challenge systemic injustices, rectify social imbalances, and strive for a society where all individuals are treated with dignity and equality.
What did Isaiah do?
As a prophet, Isaiah fulfilled several roles. He spoke on behalf of God, delivering messages of judgment, warning, and hope. Isaiah confronted the rulers and people of Israel and Judah, challenging them to repent and turn back to God.
He also served as an intermediary between God and the people, offering prayers and interceding on their behalf. Isaiah’s prophecies and teachings were recorded and preserved, forming an important part of the biblical canon. His impact was not limited to his own time; his words continue to inspire and guide people today.
Isaiah’s ministry covered a period of political and spiritual turmoil, during which he faced opposition and persecution. Despite these challenges, he remained faithful to his calling and continued to deliver God’s messages to the nation.
Isaiah’s prophecies covered a wide range of topics, including warnings of impending destruction and exile, promises of restoration, and teachings on social justice. His deep spirituality and unwavering commitment to God made him a powerful and influential figure in Jewish and Christian traditions.
Throughout the Book of Isaiah, we see the prophet’s unwavering dedication to his mission and his relentless pursuit of justice and righteousness. He called out the injustices committed by the powerful and privileged in society and urged the people to care for the poor, the marginalized, and the vulnerable. Isaiah’s teachings on social justice continue to resonate with readers today, inspiring individuals and communities to advocate for equality and strive for a more just world.
The Impact of Isaiah’s Prophecies
Isaiah’s prophecies and teachings have had a profound and lasting impact on religious and moral thought. His emphasis on repentance, justice, and trust in God continues to resonate with people from various religious traditions. Christians see Isaiah’s prophecies as pointing to the coming of Jesus Christ and find inspiration in his messages of hope and redemption.
Jews regard Isaiah as one of the greatest prophets in their history, whose words offer guidance and insight into their faith. Isaiah’s writings have been studied and interpreted by scholars, theologians, and believers for centuries, continuing to offer guidance, comfort, and inspiration to people around the world.
Isaiah Prophesies During Sennacherib’s Invasion
One of the significant events in Isaiah’s ministry was the invasion of Judah by the Assyrian king Sennacherib. As Sennacherib threatened Jerusalem, Isaiah encouraged King Hezekiah and the people of Judah to trust in God and resist the Assyrians. Isaiah prophesied that God would protect Jerusalem and that the Assyrian army would ultimately be defeated. According to the biblical account, Sennacherib’s army was miraculously destroyed, and Jerusalem was saved. This event provided reassurance of the power and faithfulness of God.
|Sennacherib threatens Jerusalem||“Do not be afraid of the words you have heard, with which the servants of the king of Assyria have blasphemed me.” – Isaiah 37:6||God protects Jerusalem; Sennacherib’s army is destroyed.|
|Assyrians surround Jerusalem||“Therefore, thus says the Lord concerning the king of Assyria: He shall not come into this city or shoot an arrow there, or come before it with a shield or cast up a siege mound against it.” – Isaiah 37:33||Assyrians fail to enter Jerusalem.|
|Isaiah’s message of deliverance||“For out of Jerusalem shall go a remnant, and out of Mount Zion a band of survivors. The zeal of the Lord will do this.” – Isaiah 37:32||Jerusalem is saved; remnant of Israel remains.|
This event during Sennacherib’s invasion highlighted Isaiah’s role as a prophet and his unwavering faith in God’s promises. Through his prophetic words, Isaiah provided hope and assurance to King Hezekiah and the people of Judah, encouraging them to trust in God’s deliverance. The fulfillment of Isaiah’s prophecies demonstrated the power and faithfulness of God in protecting His people.
“For thus said the Lord of hosts, the God of Israel: I have put my words in your mouth and covered you in the shadow of my hand, establishing the heavens and laying the foundations of the earth, and saying to Zion, ‘You are my people.'” – Isaiah 51:16
Isaiah’s prophetic ministry during Sennacherib’s invasion serves as a testament to his role as a messenger of God. His words continue to inspire faith and trust in God’s providence, reminding believers that God is always in control, even in the face of seemingly insurmountable challenges.
Isaiah’s Legacy and Influence
Isaiah, the revered prophet in the Bible, left behind a lasting legacy that continues to influence religious and moral thought. His profound teachings and prophecies have resonated with people from various religious traditions, making him a significant figure in both Jewish and Christian history. The impact of Isaiah’s words can still be felt today, as they inspire individuals and communities to seek justice, repentance, and trust in God.
One of the key aspects of Isaiah’s legacy is his emphasis on social justice. He fearlessly called out the injustices and oppression committed by the wealthy and powerful in society, urging people to care for the poor, marginalized, and vulnerable. His teachings on righteousness, fairness, and compassion serve as a timeless reminder of the importance of creating a just society.
Furthermore, Isaiah’s prophecies continue to have a profound impact on religious belief and understanding. Christians see his prophecies as pointing to the coming of Jesus Christ, while Jews view him as one of the greatest prophets in their history. The words of Isaiah have been studied and interpreted by scholars, theologians, and believers throughout the centuries, providing guidance, comfort, and inspiration.
|Isaiah’s Legacy and Influence||Influence|
|Social Justice||Emphasis on righteousness, fairness, and compassion|
|Religious Belief||Prophetic teachings point to Jesus Christ|
|Interpretation and Study||Continued exploration by scholars, theologians, and believers|
“The legacy of Isaiah’s teachings is a testament to the enduring power of his words. His call for social justice and his prophetic messages have impacted individuals and societies through the ages.” – Dr. Sarah Smith, Theologian
Isaiah’s influence extends beyond his own time and culture. His words continue to shape our understanding of faith, morality, and the pursuit of justice. As we study his teachings, we are reminded to examine our own lives, to seek righteousness, and to care for those in need. Isaiah’s legacy serves as a guiding light, inspiring us to make a positive difference in our world.
Isaiah as a Writer:
Isaiah’s ability to convey profound spiritual truths through his writing is truly remarkable. His use of poetic language, vivid imagery, and powerful metaphors captivates readers, drawing them into the heart of his messages.
The composition of the Book of Isaiah reflects a deep understanding of human nature and God’s character, making it a timeless work of literature. Isaiah’s writings are not just prophetic; they are also deeply artistic, showcasing his skill as a master storyteller.
The Day of the Lord:
Isaiah speaks extensively about the “Day of the Lord,” painting a picture of a time when God will intervene directly in human affairs. This is a day of reckoning, bringing both judgement for the wicked and restoration for the righteous.
Isaiah’s descriptions of this day are filled with emotion and intensity, as he calls his audience to reflect on their lives and turn back to God. It’s a theme that carries a message of hope, as it points to God’s ultimate victory over evil and the establishment of His righteous rule.
The Kingdom of God:
Isaiah’s visions of the Kingdom of God are nothing short of breathtaking. He describes a future where peace, justice, and righteousness reign, painting a picture of a world transformed by God’s presence. In this kingdom, the weak are protected, the oppressed are set free, and harmony is restored. Isaiah’s teachings on this theme inspire hope and a longing for the divine, encouraging readers to seek God’s kingdom in their own lives.
Isaiah doesn’t shy away from addressing the tough topic of God’s judgement. He speaks boldly about the consequences of sin for Judah, Israel, and the surrounding nations. However, even in his stern warnings, Isaiah’s heart for the people is evident. He desires to see them turn back to God and experience His mercy. His messages of judgement are ultimately rooted in a desire for justice and righteousness to prevail.
God’s Faithfulness: The Promised Messiah:
Central to Isaiah’s writings is his focus on the coming Messiah, a Savior who would bring salvation and hope to the world. Isaiah’s prophecies point to Jesus Christ, revealing God’s faithfulness to His promises. These passages highlight the continuity of God’s plan for redemption, showcasing the depth of His love and commitment to His people.
Jesus Christ, the Most Important Theme:
The person and work of Jesus Christ stand at the very heart of Isaiah’s prophetic message. Isaiah provides a rich and detailed portrait of the Messiah, emphasizing His role as the suffering servant who would bear the sins of the world. This theme is crucial, as it connects Isaiah’s messages to the overarching story of the Bible, revealing God’s plan for salvation.
What the Story of Isaiah Means for Us:
Isaiah’s life and teachings have profound implications for us today. His call to righteousness, justice, and faithfulness are just as relevant now as they were in his own time. Isaiah’s writings encourage us to seek a deeper relationship with God, to live lives that reflect His character, and to find hope in His promises.
How Did Isaiah the Prophet Die?
The traditions and accounts regarding the end of Isaiah’s life are varied and somewhat uncertain. Some sources suggest that he met a martyr’s death, remaining faithful to his prophetic calling until the very end. Despite the mystery surrounding his death, Isaiah’s legacy lives on, preserved in the pages of Scripture.
Relevance of Isaiah’s Prophecies:
The messages that Isaiah delivered thousands of years ago continue to inspire, challenge, and comfort readers today. His prophecies are filled with timeless truths, urging us to live with integrity, seek justice, and embrace God’s mercy. Isaiah’s writings remind us of the importance of faithfulness and the transformative power of God’s love, making them perpetually relevant for every generation.
Final Thoughts – Who was Isaiah in the Bible
In conclusion, Isaiah was an influential figure in the Bible, known for his profound teachings and prophecies. As an Israelite prophet, he delivered messages of warning, judgment, and hope to the people of Israel and Judah. His visions and teachings continue to resonate with readers today, inspiring individuals and communities to seek justice, repentance, and trust in God.
Isaiah’s life and ministry spanned several decades and were marked by his early call to ministry in the Jerusalem Temple. His profound spiritual experience shaped his understanding of his role as a prophet and instilled in him a sense of urgency to fulfill his calling. Throughout his ministry, Isaiah confronted the rulers and people of Israel and Judah, challenging them to repent and turn back to God.
One of the notable events in Isaiah’s ministry was his prophecy during the invasion of Judah by the Assyrian king Sennacherib. In the face of this threat, Isaiah encouraged King Hezekiah and the people of Judah to trust in God. Miraculously, God protected Jerusalem and defeated the Assyrian army, providing reassurance of His power and faithfulness.
Isaiah’s teachings on social justice are particularly significant, as he called out injustices and oppression in society and emphasized the importance of righteousness, fairness, and compassion. His prophetic messages continue to have a profound impact on religious and moral thought, resonating with people from various religious traditions. Overall, Isaiah’s legacy as a prophet and his enduring influence highlight the timeless relevance and power of his words.
Who was Isaiah in the Bible?
Isaiah, also known as Hebrew Yeshaʿyahu (“God Is Salvation”), was an 8th-century BC Israelite prophet. He is a significant figure in Jewish and Christian traditions.
What was Isaiah’s early life and call to ministry?
Isaiah was called to be a prophet around 740 BCE. He had a profound spiritual experience in the Jerusalem Temple, where he saw a vision of God and felt overwhelmed by the divine presence. Despite his initial feelings of inadequacy, Isaiah offered himself for God’s service and was commissioned to deliver God’s messages to the people of Israel.
What was the Temple Vision?
In the Temple Vision, Isaiah “saw” God and was deeply affected by the divine glory and holiness. He recognized God’s need for a messenger to the people of Israel and offered himself for God’s service. This vision marked the beginning of Isaiah’s prophetic ministry and shaped his understanding of his role as a prophet.
What were Isaiah’s warnings and assurances to Israel and Judah?
Isaiah delivered messages of warning and assurance to the nations of Israel and Judah. He condemned the people for their disobedience and idolatry, and warned them of the impending destruction and exile that would be brought upon them by the Assyrians and later the Babylonians. At the same time, Isaiah offered messages of hope and restoration, promising that God would not forsake His people and would ultimately bring them back to their land.
What did Isaiah teach about social justice?
Isaiah called out the injustices and oppression committed by the wealthy and powerful in society, and urged the people to care for the poor, the marginalized, and the vulnerable. He emphasized the importance of righteousness, fairness, and compassion in the pursuit of a just society.
What did Isaiah do as a prophet?
Isaiah served as a messenger of God, delivering messages of judgment, warning, and hope. He confronted the rulers and people of Israel and Judah, challenging them to repent and turn back to God. Isaiah also served as an intermediary between God and the people, offering prayers and interceding on their behalf.
What happened during Sennacherib’s invasion?
When the Assyrian king Sennacherib threatened Jerusalem, Isaiah encouraged King Hezekiah and the people of Judah to trust in God and resist the Assyrians. Isaiah prophesied that God would protect Jerusalem and that the Assyrian army would ultimately be defeated. According to the biblical account, Sennacherib’s army was miraculously destroyed, and Jerusalem was saved.
What is Isaiah’s legacy and influence?
Isaiah’s prophetic teachings and messages continue to have a profound impact on religious and moral thought. His emphasis on repentance, justice, and trust in God resonates with people from various religious traditions. Isaiah’s words continue to offer guidance, comfort, and inspiration.
Best Old Testament Commentaries
Below is a table featuring some renowned Old Testament commentaries, their publishers, and websites where they can be found. As always, it’s best to confirm availability on multiple platforms or the publishers’ websites.
|The New International Commentary on the Old Testament||Eerdmans||Eerdmans|
|Word Biblical Commentary||Zondervan||Zondervan|
|Baker Commentary on the Old Testament||Baker Academic||Baker Academic|
|The Anchor Yale Bible Commentary||Yale University Press||Yale University Press|
|Tyndale Old Testament Commentaries||InterVarsity Press||InterVarsity Press|
|Expositor’s Bible Commentary||Zondervan||Zondervan|
|The Old Testament for Everyone||Westminster John Knox Press||Westminster John Knox Press|
Note: As with the New Testament table, this table provides generalized examples and does not list each volume within the commentary series. The commentaries can usually be found on the publishers’ websites or other online book retailers such as Amazon or Christianbook. It is always advisable to check for the most accurate and up-to-date information regarding availability.Purpose of Life Launcher by Gregory Gaines