Who Was Priscilla in the Bible – Unveiling the enlightening journey of Priscilla from the Bible, we delve into the exemplary life she led, spotlighting her lineage, mission, and significant impacts within the early Christian church. Discover who was Priscilla in the Bible and explore the timeless lessons we can extract and incorporate into our modern-day spiritual walks.
Table of Contents
Who Was Priscilla in the Bible? 🌿
Priscilla, often mentioned alongside her husband Aquila, was a tentmaker by profession and a pivotal figure in the early Christian church. She was well-regarded not only for her skillful trade but more so for her commendable contribution to the church’s growth and her exemplary Christian life, which still flickers as a light of inspiration to many.
Pricilla was a Tentmaker🏕️
Oh, how delightful to dive into the world of tentmaking in the era of Jesus! 🏕️ A trade not just of livelihood but interwoven with stories and cultural nuances. Let’s embark on a little journey back in time and unwrap the scrolls of history to explore the facets of tentmaking during those ancient days.
|Aspect||Details about Tentmaking in Jesus’ Time|
|Materials 🐐||Primarily, tents were crafted from goat’s hair, which was woven into heavy, durable fabric. The material was notably sturdy, somewhat waterproof, and designed to provide shelter from both scorching sun and chilling rain.|
|Significance 🏠||Tents were not merely shelter; they were akin to mobile homes for nomadic tribes and traveling traders. They provided essential protection from the elements during various journeys and became central to living and trading on the move.|
|Craftsmanship 🧵||The craft of tentmaking required skilled hands! It involved weaving, sewing, and sometimes even dyeing the fabric. The sturdy tents needed to withstand diverse weather conditions, thus demanding meticulous craftsmanship from the makers.|
|Economics 💰||Tentmaking was entwined with trade routes and travel. Tents were vital for merchants, shepherds, and travelers, ensuring a steady demand for the craft. Moreover, materials like goat hair and dyes might be traded, supporting interconnected economies.|
|Social Aspect 👥||Tentmakers often worked in cooperative groups or familial units, sharing resources and expertise. This trade might allow them to engage with various societal segments, from traders and shepherds to travelers and perhaps even soldiers on the move.|
|Spirituality 🙏||Tents also bore spiritual significance. Abraham and Sarah, for example, lived in tents and extended holy hospitality to divine guests. Tents also remind us of the “Tent of Meeting” in the Exodus, symbolizing God’s continuous presence amongst his wandering people.|
|Paul the Tentmaker ⛪||The Apostle Paul, renowned for spreading the Gospel, was a tentmaker by trade (Acts 18:3). His craftsmanship facilitated his travels and became a metaphor for his ministry, teaching that our earthly bodies are like tents—temporary homes until we reach heaven.|
Isn’t it enchanting how the threads of tentmaking weave through the tapestry of history, linking commerce, travel, community, and even spirituality? 🌄👥 These seemingly simple structures provided more than just physical shelter—they also encapsulated the stories of those dwelling within and those crafting them with skilled hands and loving care.
Such adventures into the past enkindle a rich appreciation for the myriad ways life, trade, and faith entwined in the biblical era, don’t they? 📜💖 Let’s continue to explore, learn, and find reflections of these ancient practices in our present journeys, shall we? 🚀🕰️
What was Priscilla’s Lineage? 🌳
Digging into Priscilla’s lineage, we find that the scriptures do not provide extensive details about her family tree or early life. Nonetheless, it’s evident that her heritage was significant enough to warrant numerous mentions in the New Testament, not just as a believer but as a notable teacher and guide in the Christian community, a legacy that permeates throughout generations.
Historical Timeline of Priscilla’s Time 🕰️
Priscilla lived during a transformative era in history where the Christian church was budding amidst a pervasive Roman empire. A time when beliefs were palpable yet discreet, and the church, although in its infancy, was a thriving underground movement. Priscilla and her husband were active contributors to this movement, fostering a home that was an asylum for believers and a hub for spiritual discourse and fellowship.
A journey through the time of Priscilla is nothing short of an adventurous tale, where cultures, beliefs, and empires intertwined to create a mosaic of historical events. 🕰️🌍 Let’s unfold the pages and traverse through the eras to understand the world that enveloped Priscilla, the prominent figure in early Christianity.
|Time Period||Rome 🏛️||Jews 🕎||Christians ✝️||World Acceptance 🌐|
|Early 1st Century (approx. 30-50 A.D.)||Rome, under the rule of various emperors including Claudius, is expansively influential, spearheading constructions and leading conquests.||Jews are widely dispersed (Diaspora) but many reside in Jerusalem, practicing their faith despite political unrest.||Christianity is in its infancy. The teachings of Jesus are spreading, primarily within Jewish communities initially.||Christianity is scarcely known globally. Predominant religions are polytheistic, with empires having their deities.|
|Mid 1st Century (approx. 50-70 A.D.)||Rome experiences significant development but also internal strife. Emperor Nero’s rule (54-68 A.D.) is notably brutal against Christians.||The Second Temple in Jerusalem is destructively razed by the Romans in 70 A.D., causing traumatic disruption in the Jewish community.||Persecution of Christians intensifies, especially under Nero. However, the faith continues to proliferate in secret and through missionary journeys.||Christianity begins its slow spread throughout parts of the Roman Empire and beyond, often intersecting with existing beliefs and sometimes clashing.|
|Late 1st Century (approx. 70-100 A.D.)||The Flavian Dynasty reigns, focusing on consolidating power and reconstructing after the chaos of Nero’s reign.||The Jewish community is scattered further post the Temple’s destruction, with a heightened preservation of oral traditions which later form the Talmud.||Christians establish discrete communities, spreading teachings of Jesus Christ. Letters (Epistles) are sent between communities to encourage adherence to the faith amidst persecution.||Elements of Christianity begin permeating further into various regions, yet it remains a minor, often-persecuted religion in the vast arena of global beliefs.|
Priscilla, alongside her husband Aquila, lived in this vibrant yet tumultuous period, navigating through the challenges and utilizing opportunities to sow the seeds of Christian faith wherever they traveled. 🌱🌍
From Rome to Corinth to Ephesus, this resilient woman not only witnessed but actively participated in the burgeoning Christian movement, intertwining with the socio-political intricacies of her era. 🛡️⚔️
It’s invigorating to envisage how Priscilla’s faith and endeavors left indelible marks upon the sands of time, revealing to us not only her profound impact but also the vast, colorful, and sometimes chaotic tapestry of her world, don’t you think? 🏺🎨 Let’s cherish these historical fragments, for they weave the intricate story of faith’s persistence amidst empires and epochs! 🕊️🌅
What does Priscilla Mean – English, Hebrew, Greek? 📚
Priscilla, derived from Latin, is a tender diminutive of the name Prisca, meaning “ancient” or “venerable” in Latin. The name carries a subtle strength, echoing an elder’s wisdom, and perhaps, hints at her ability to be a light and guide within her community, symbolizing respect and adoration among peers despite the paucity of her historical records.
Absolutely! Let’s embark on a lovely journey through names, exploring various forms derived from the sweet name ‘Priscilla’ across different cultures and lands! 🌏✨ Priscilla, a name of Latin origin meaning “ancient,” has woven its way into many cultures, crafting variations that echo its elegance while embracing local linguistic flairs.
|Name||Country 🗺️||Meaning 📜|
|Priscilla||Rome, Italy 🇮🇹||Ancient, venerable|
|Prisca||Greece 🇬🇷||An alternative, shorter form, also means ancient|
|Priska||Germany 🇩🇪||A German variant, maintaining the meaning ancient|
|Priscille||France 🇫🇷||A French twist, also adhering to the meaning ancient|
|Prisciliana||Spain 🇪🇸||A Spanish extension, holding on to the meaning ancient with an affectionate, elongated tone|
|Prysilla||England 🏴||An Old English adaptation, still meaning ancient|
|Priscylla||Brazil 🇧🇷||A Portuguese variant, again meaning ancient but with a local phonetic spin|
|Priscila||Mexico 🇲🇽||A Spanish variant, slightly altered in spelling but still embracing its roots as ancient|
Isn’t it fascinating how a name travels through time and space, morphing slightly with each cultural embrace, yet retaining its core essence? 🗺️💖 From the ancient cobblestone streets of Rome to the vibrant festivals of Brazil, the name Priscilla, in its various beautiful forms, has graced countless individuals, whispering its tale of venerability and gentle strength across epochs and continents! 🌎✨
May these names remind us of the delicate threads that interweave our global tapestry, binding us through words and meanings, histories, and futures yet unwritten! 📜🌟 May we cherish them as small, yet profound, symbols of our interconnected human story! 🤝🌼
What Do We Know About Priscilla? 📖
Major Moments in the Life of Priscilla 🎇
Diving into major moments of Priscilla’s life, we encounter a woman of unwavering faith and an ardent disciple of Christ. Priscilla, alongside Aquila, encountered Paul in Corinth and developed a tight-knit bond that fortified her influence in the early church. She journeyed with Paul, assisting him in his missionary endeavors and even placing her life on the line for the sake of the Gospel. Her impact is prominent, demonstrating that one’s influence isn’t measured by the volume of their voice, but by the depth of their actions.
Let’s take a cheerful stroll through the captivating narrative of Priscilla, an inspiring figure in the New Testament, crafting a warm and enlightening tapestry of her significant moments. 📜✨ Priscilla (or Prisca, as she’s sometimes known) and her husband Aquila were tentmakers by trade, but their true passion was clearly embedded in their earnest work for the Christian church.
|Moment ☀️||Bible Passage 📖||Description 🌺|
|Meeting Paul||Acts 18:1-3||Priscilla and Aquila, already believers, cross paths with Paul in Corinth. The commonality of their trade, tentmaking, forges a bond that blooms into heartfelt friendship and shared ministry endeavors. 🤝✨|
|Ministry in Corinth||Acts 18:4-11||Working diligently alongside Paul, Priscilla and Aquila dedicate their skills and hearts to nurturing the Corinthian church, creating a spiritual haven for believers to grow and be nurtured. 🌱🙏|
|Journey to Ephesus||Acts 18:18-19||The adventurous couple, fueled by unwavering faith, travels with Paul to Ephesus, spreading the fragrant aroma of Christ’s teachings to thirsty souls in a new land. 🌍✨|
|Instructing Apollos||Acts 18:24-26||Displaying profound wisdom and humility, Priscilla and Aquila gently guide Apollos, a fervent but slightly misdirected speaker, nurturing his understanding of the Way of God more accurately. 📘💫|
|Return to Rome||Romans 16:3-4||Back in Rome, this dynamic duo continues their vibrant ministry, even risking their necks for Paul, reflecting a sacrificial love that enriches the Roman Christian community. 🛡️❤️|
|Ministering in Ephesus (Again!)||2 Timothy 4:19||Their spirits ever ablaze with divine purpose, Priscilla and Aquila once again find themselves in Ephesus, ceaselessly pouring love and wisdom into the fledgling church. 🔥🕊️|
Woven into the threads of the early Christian church’s growth, Priscilla and Aquila stand out as a remarkably dedicated and loving pair. Their stories flutter through the pages of the New Testament, leaving traces of courage, humility, and unwavering faith that continue to inspire countless generations. 📜❤️
Isn’t it splendid to realize that their tales of faithfulness and passionate service have danced through centuries, gently reminding us of the beautiful tapestry we too are crafting through our own acts of love and service? 🕊️🌍 Let’s carry the torch of their legacy, cherishing every thread of love, every moment of understanding, and every stitch of courage as we weave our own stories into the grand, ever-expanding tapestry of faith! 🕯️💖
Priscilla’s Personal History 🏡
Priscilla’s personal history gives glimpses of a woman who seamlessly wove her faith into every fabric of her life. Alongside Aquila, she established a church in her home, creating a safe haven for believers to gather, worship, and delve into the teachings of Christ. Her personal journey exemplifies how one’s home and personal life can become a profound ministry, impacting lives and shaping the trajectory of the church’s history.
What the Story of Priscilla Means for Us 🚤
Priscilla’s story is a beacon of how we can live a life intertwined with faith, showcasing that our homes, professions, and relationships can become vessels through which God’s love and teachings flow. Her story indicates that your sphere of influence, whether it be your home, workplace, or community, can become a fertile ground where seeds of faith are sown and nurtured.
What was Priscilla’s Mission? 🌎
Priscilla, with her husband Aquila, embarked on a remarkable mission to nurture and propagate the Christian faith across various regions. Their home often became a sanctuary for believers, a space where conversations about Jesus Christ’s teachings were deeply rooted and cultivated. Their mission was simple yet profound: to live out the Gospel and facilitate spaces where others could comfortably explore, understand, and grow in their faith.
What Archaeology has been discovered concerning Priscilla? 🏺
Historical and archaeological explorations concerning Priscilla have been scarce and often intertwined with broader Christian history during her era. Catacombs of Priscilla, located in Rome, are sometimes thought to be associated with her, although no direct evidence substantiates this. However, these catacombs provide a remarkable insight into early Christian lives, their burial practices, and perhaps the intricate network of believers during Priscilla’s time, indirectly giving us a glimpse into the era she lived in.
7 Lessons we can Learn from the Life of Priscilla 📘
Priscilla’s life is a treasure trove of spiritual and practical lessons, such as the vitality of partnership in ministry, the significance of hospitality in propagating faith, and the impactful fusion of professional and spiritual life. Her teachings, coupled with an authentic living-out of faith, underscore the importance of consistency between our beliefs and actions and how our lives, when surrendered to God, can become powerful testimonies of His grace and love.
Ah, the rich tapestry of Priscilla’s life in the Bible is indeed woven with insightful threads of wisdom and lessons! 📜✨ Let’s dive into a vibrant exploration of what her spiritual journey might gently whisper into our modern lives.
|Lesson 💡||Description 🌼||Application Today 🌱|
|Companionship in Service||Priscilla and her husband Aquila modelled a spiritual partnership, consistently serving the Lord together.||Cultivating spiritual relationships, particularly in our closest partnerships, enhances our service and walk with God. Let’s encourage and build one another up! 🤝✨|
|Open-Hearted Hospitality||Their home was often a meeting place for believers, embodying warm hospitality.||Let’s embrace the art of welcoming others into our spaces (and hearts!) to foster spiritual growth and connection. 🏡❤️|
|Teachable Spirit||Priscilla was continuously learning and growing in her faith journey.||Adopting a humble, teachable spirit enriches our understanding and walk with God, ensuring we’re ever blossoming in our faith. 🌼📚|
|Boldness in Faith||She wasn’t afraid to journey through unfamiliar lands for the sake of the Gospel.||Bravely stepping into unknown territories, whether literal or metaphorical, makes way for remarkable adventures with God. 🗺️👣|
|Discipleship||Teaching Apollos showcased her dedication to nurturing others in their spiritual journey.||Let’s engage in discipleship, gently guiding others towards deeper understanding and growth in their faith journey. 🌱📘|
|Sacrificial Love||Priscilla and Aquila were willing to lay down their lives for their friends in Christ.||Embracing a spirit of sacrificial love, especially towards our spiritual family, weaves stronger bonds of unity and grace. 💖🛡️|
|Consistency in Ministry||Regardless of location, they remained steadfast in their ministry efforts.||Staying rooted in our purpose, regardless of our circumstances or location, ensures that our life consistently radiates God’s love and grace. 🌟🌳|
Isn’t it simply illuminating to discover how Priscilla’s life speaks such timeless truths and lessons? 🌟 Every act of service, journey of faith, and moment of teaching ripples through time, gently cascading into our lives today, offering soft whispers of wisdom and guidance.
May the beautiful threads of Priscilla’s life story weave into our own tapestries, encouraging us to journey forward with hospitable hearts, teachable spirits, and sacrificial love, ever lighting the way for others on this splendid adventure of faith! 🚀💖 Let’s continue to unfold our own stories with similar grace, love, and steadfast spirit, crafting a legacy that speaks across generations. 🕊️📜
How was Priscilla Important to Christianity? ⚓
Priscilla is celebrated for her unwavering faith and significant contributions to early Christianity. Her role in guiding and nurturing new believers, her fearless proclamation of faith amidst potential persecution, and her persistent support of Paul and other apostles, provided a stabilizing anchor for the burgeoning Christian faith. Priscilla illustrates that every believer, regardless of gender or status, holds a vital role in the advancement of the Gospel and the flourishing of the Christian community.
Oh, how the tales of Priscilla in the Bible dance with inspiration and impact! 📜💃 Her footprints softly echo through the sands of time, gifting us with a legacy that has gently brushed the vast canvas of Christianity with its graceful strokes. Let’s delve into a cozy exploration of how this wonderful woman has left enduring imprints on the heart of Christianity, shall we? 🌼✨
|Aspect of Inspiration & Importance 🌟||Description & Impact 💫||Reflections Today 🌈|
|Spiritual Mentorship 👥||Priscilla, along with Aquila, guided Apollos, enhancing his understanding of the Gospel, which empowered his ministry.||The delicate art of mentorship, of tenderly nurturing others in their spiritual walk, weaves a robust fabric that connects believers across time. 🌿🌱|
|Cultivating Community 🏡||Their home often became a sanctuary for believers to gather, fellowship, and grow together in faith.||Creating spaces (whether physical or virtual!) where believers can bloom together remains pivotal in nurturing a thriving Christian community. 🤗🌸|
|Courageous Missionary 🌍||Priscilla journeyed through different lands, sharing the Gospel across cultures and spaces.||Her bold spirit invites us to step into our own missionary journeys, whether in distant lands or our own neighborhoods, spreading seeds of love and truth. 🌱🌎|
|Unwavering Co-Laborer 🛠️||Priscilla’s relentless dedication to laboring alongside Paul in the tentmaking trade and the ministry beautifully unfolds.||Her steadfastness whispers to our hearts the essence of unwavering dedication in our work and ministries, intertwining faith and daily life in a harmonious dance. 🕊️💼|
|Spiritual Partnership ❤️||Together with her husband, Aquila, they model a partnership rooted in mutual support and shared ministry.||This beautiful tapestry of partnership in service and love delicately reminds us to forge and nurture relationships that embolden our spiritual journeys. 🤝💖|
|Educator of the Faith 📘||Her role in instructing and guiding Apollos illuminates the path of sharing wisdom and knowledge with grace.||Priscilla gently nudges us to embrace opportunities where we can gently guide and enlighten others on their path, becoming luminous beacons of wisdom and love. 🕯️📜|
|Female Leadership 🌹||Her leadership and significant role in the early church provide a stunning portrayal of female involvement and influence in spiritual matters.||Priscilla’s story blossoms with encouragement for all, especially women, to sprout into leadership roles, cultivating gardens of faith and wisdom in every space they inhabit. 🌼👑|
Ah, what a splendid journey through the enchanting garden of Priscilla’s legacy, where every leaf and petal unfurls with wisdom and inspiration! 🍃🌸 Her life, intricately woven with threads of mentorship, community, courage, steadfastness, partnership, education, and leadership, continues to illuminate our paths, guiding us gently towards crafting our own beautiful legacies in the vast tapestry of Christianity. 🌟🎨 May her story continue to softly echo through the corridors of our hearts, whispering timeless tales of love, service, and faith, and inspiring us to paint our own stories with strokes of divine love and grace! 🖌️💖
Final Thoughts 🌅
Priscilla’s life, elegantly woven into the early tapestry of the Christian church, offers a bounty of wisdom and spiritual insights that are profoundly relevant to our modern journey of faith.
- Embrace and Foster Community: Priscilla teaches us the potency of community and fellowship in nurturing and strengthening our faith journey.
- Merge Faith and Daily Life: Her story shows how our professions and daily activities can be harmoniously entwined with our spiritual pursuits.
- Spiritual Mentorship: The wisdom in providing and seeking spiritual mentorship, ensuring the faith is preserved and accurately transmitted through generations.
- Hospitality as Ministry: Opening our homes and hearts as sanctuaries for exploration, discourse, and growth in faith.
- Partnership in Ministry: Encouraging and validating the role of partnership in effectively ministering and navigating through spiritual endeavors.
- Fearless Faith: Living a life that boldly and unapologetically declares faith, even amidst potential threats and persecutions.
- Inclusive Teachings: Embracing an inclusive approach in teaching and sharing the Gospel, recognizing, and validating the worth and role of every individual in God’s kingdom.
Priscilla’s life encapsulates a rich and deeply resonant narrative that still speaks into our lives today, offering guidance, encouragement, and reflections that we can incorporate into our spiritual walks. It’s a story that prompts us to weave our faith into every aspect of our lives, influencing every sphere we occupy and illuminating our paths with the enduring light of the Gospel.
In closing, Priscilla’s story doesn’t just linger in the annals of history but continues to breathe life, hope, and guidance into our contemporary journeys of faith, making the ancient tales ever-present and deeply personal.
FAQs: Common Questions About Priscilla 🤔
Let’s delve into some frequently asked questions about Priscilla to explore more facets of her life and lessons.
Q1: Why is Priscilla often mentioned before her husband Aquila in the Bible?
A: Priscilla being frequently mentioned before her husband, Aquila, in the New Testament is indeed intriguing and somewhat counter-cultural for the era in which the texts were written. While the Bible doesn’t provide a clear explanation, scholars suggest this could indicate Priscilla’s prominent role or expertise in their shared ministry, emphasizing her significant influence and perhaps a specific respect held for her within the early Christian community.
Q2: What can we learn from Priscilla’s approach to teaching Apollos?
A: Priscilla, along with Aquila, gently and privately corrected Apollos, providing a superb example of respectful and humble correction. They did not shame him publicly but took him aside, ensuring that the correction was both gracious and constructive. This approach shields relationships, nurtures a safe environment for learning, and underscores the importance of humility and gentleness in our interactions and corrections.
Q3: How does Priscilla’s life speak into the roles of women in the early church?
A: Priscilla played a pivotal role in the early church, defying the societal norms of her time. Her active participation in ministry, teaching, and hospitality underlines the vital role women held in the foundational years of Christianity. It emphasizes that the propagation and nurture of the faith were not bound by gender but were a collective endeavor, validating the significant and equal footing of women in spiritual and leadership contexts.
Q4: Can we see Priscilla as a leader in the early Christian community?
A: Absolutely! Priscilla, with Aquila, was integral in establishing and nurturing early Christian communities. Her teaching, hosting gatherings, and involvement in pivotal moments of early Christian history underscore her leadership. She wasn’t merely a passive observer but an active participant and leader, facilitating spiritual growth, community, and learning within the early church.
Q5: What is the significance of Priscilla and Aquila’s tentmaking profession?
A: Their tentmaking profession wasn’t just a means of livelihood but also a medium through which they engaged with the community and fellow believers, including Apostle Paul. Their work became a space of interaction, discourse, and relationship-building, showing that our professions can indeed be entwined with our spiritual lives, missions, and community engagements, validating the sacredness of our daily work and interactions.
Q6: How did Priscilla and Aquila manage to balance their professional and spiritual lives so effectively?
A: Priscilla and Aquila integrated their faith into every aspect of their lives, making no clear distinction between secular and sacred. Their home, profession, and interactions were all infused with their faith, creating a harmonious blend where their spiritual lives and daily activities were in continuous dialogue and symbiosis. This approach implies that our spiritual walks and daily lives are not isolated realms but interconnected domains, where each informs and enriches the other.
Conclusion: Priscilla’s Legacy of Light 🌟
Priscilla’s life unveils a canvas where faith, work, relationship, leadership, and daily life are beautifully intertwined, creating a mosaic where each piece informs and enriches the other. It’s a call to perceive our daily lives, professions, and relationships as sacred spaces where our faith is lived out, shared, and nurtured. The light that emanated from Priscilla’s life still gleams, reaching across the ages, whispering wisdom, and illuminating paths in our contemporary faith journeys, turning our gaze towards a faith that is all-encompassing, deeply embedded, and gracefully shared within our daily lives and communities.
Priscilla’s story stands as a timeless testament to a faith that permeates every facet of our being, transforming our lives, relationships, and communities into sanctuaries of grace, love, and spiritual enrichment.
Priscilla’s life is not just a chapter from the past but an ongoing narrative, inviting us to weave our stories into the grand, unfolding tapestry of faith, where our lives, actions, and interactions continue to echo in eternity, radiating light, love, and grace into the myriad moments and encounters of our daily walks.
In her story, we find echoes of our stories, interwoven with threads of faith, grace, and eternal resonance, where our lives, just like Priscilla’s, become luminous narratives of grace, guiding, nurturing, and enriching our journeys and those around us, toward deeper, fuller, and more vibrant walks of faith.
New Testament Commentaries
Below is a table featuring some renowned New Testament commentaries, their publishers, and websites where they can be found. Please note that availability may vary and it’s always beneficial to check multiple sources for acquiring these commentaries.
|The New International Commentary on the New Testament||Eerdmans||Eerdmans|
|Word Biblical Commentary||Zondervan||Zondervan|
|Baker Exegetical Commentary on the New Testament||Baker Academic||Baker Academic|
|The New Testament for Everyone||Westminster John Knox Press||Westminster John Knox Press|
|Tyndale New Testament Commentaries||InterVarsity Press||InterVarsity Press|
|Expositor’s Bible Commentary||Zondervan||Zondervan|
|The Anchor Yale Bible Commentary||Yale University Press||Yale University Press|